İstanbul, 2009 (in Arabic and English),
(History of Muslim Nations series no; 6),
The congress on “Bilad al-Sham during the Ottoman Era” was co-organised by IRCICA and the Ministry of Culture of Syria. It was the first congress to be devoted to Bilad al-Sham, corresponding to the region comprising modernday Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria and which always had a significant place in the political, economic and cultural history of the Ottoman Empire. A wide range of topics were addressed namely state and society, economy, modernisation, education and culture, cities and infrastructure during the period, as well as the state of research in this field and questions of methodology. The boo glish and ten in Arabic.