This book is the first volume of a series which was prepared in the Arabic language to serve researchers in the history of the Ottoman period. In this project, documents relating to the Arab lands on subjects such as administrative history, rural development efforts, public works, public health, education, science and scholarship, press and publications, are compiled and translated into Arabic and published together with the Latin-script transcriptions of the texts in Ottoman Turkish. This first volume contains 104 documents in total selected from the Muhimme registers of the 15th and 16th centuries. The original text of each document is presented side by side with its Arabic translation where the reader can see the excellent loyalty of the latter to the former. Furthermore, the author examined and analysed each document, outlined it in a simplified form, and added clarifications whenever necessary to facilitate comprehension.